People have gathered at Uluru to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park title being handed to its rightful owners.
The Anangu have been traditional custodians of the rock for thousands of years and the hand back was the result of a promise by the Hawke government to return Uluru and nearby Kata Tjuta to the rightful owners.
The handover took place on October 26, 1985 when the governor general handed the land title over to the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara people, known as the Anangu.
Uluru is a deeply sacred and spiritual place for the Anangu.
In Anangu culture, Uluru was formed by ancestral beings during the tjukurpa period. Rituals and ceremonies are still performed in the caves around Uluru and rock art on the walls dates back to more than 5000 years.
Anangu life revolves around the tjukurpa, the period in which the world was formed. The tjukurpa is the basis of all Anangu knowledge and connects everything in life.
At Uluru the three important ancestors are the Mala, (wallaby), Kuniya (python) and the Liru (snake) who are closely linked with the giant sandstone rock.
Uluru is over 600 million years old and originally sat at the bottom of the sea.
Today the rock stands 348 metres above ground with two and a half kilometres of it underground.