7 Spectacular Photos Of Uluru And Its Traditional Custodians

People have gathered at Uluru to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park title being handed to its rightful owners.

People have gathered at Uluru to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park title being handed to its rightful owners.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

The Anangu have been traditional custodians of the rock for thousands of years and the hand back was the result of a promise by the Hawke government to return Uluru and nearby Kata Tjuta to the rightful owners.

The Anangu have been traditional custodians of the rock for thousands of years and the hand back was the result of a promise by the Hawke government to return Uluru and nearby Kata Tjuta to the rightful owners.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

The handover took place on October 26, 1985 when the governor general handed the land title over to the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara people, known as the Anangu.

Uluru is a deeply sacred and spiritual place for the Anangu.

Uluru is a deeply sacred and spiritual place for the Anangu.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

In Anangu culture, Uluru was formed by ancestral beings during the tjukurpa period. Rituals and ceremonies are still performed in the caves around Uluru and rock art on the walls dates back to more than 5000 years.

Anangu life revolves around the tjukurpa, the period in which the world was formed. The tjukurpa is the basis of all Anangu knowledge and connects everything in life.

Anangu life revolves around the tjukurpa, the period in which the world was formed. The tjukurpa is the basis of all Anangu knowledge and connects everything in life.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

At Uluru the three important ancestors are the Mala, (wallaby), Kuniya (python) and the Liru (snake) who are closely linked with the giant sandstone rock.

At Uluru the three important ancestors are the Mala, (wallaby), Kuniya (python) and the Liru (snake) who are closely linked with the giant sandstone rock.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

Uluru is over 600 million years old and originally sat at the bottom of the sea.

Uluru is over 600 million years old and originally sat at the bottom of the sea.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

Today the rock stands 348 metres above ground with two and a half kilometres of it underground.

After being handed back in 1985 the land was immediately leased to the federal government on a 99-year agreement. Today the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is co-managed by the Anangu and the government.

After being handed back in 1985 the land was immediately leased to the federal government on a 99-year agreement. Today the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is co-managed by the Anangu and the government.

Dan Peled / AAPIMAGE

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