Levingston was born in North Carolina, one of seven children. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1942, and served as a private during the war in the Allied invasion of Italy which lasted from September 1943 to January 1944. After receiving an honourable discharge in 1945, he became a union worker specializing in cement finishing.
Levingston never married.
Levingston became the oldest recognised living military veteran in United States following the death of Emma Didlake on 16 August 2015. He became the oldest living man in the United States following the death of Felix Simoneauxon 19 April 2016. He lived in Lake Charles, Louisiana until his death on 3 May 2016 at the age of 110 years, 172 days.