U.S President, Donald Trump arrived at the Vatican on Wednesday for talks with one of his most high-profile critics, Pope Francis, after the two men exchanged sharp words during the presidential campaign last year.
Accompanied by his wife Melania, daughter Ivanka Trump and several aides, the US President received a tribute from the Swiss Guard in a Vatican courtyard where he was greeted by Archbishop Georg Ganswein, the prefect of the pontifical household.
Mr Trump looked uncomfortable as he entered a small elevator taking him to the third floor of the Apostolic Palace, where he was accompanied by Ganswein and other officials along a frescoed corridor to the pope’s private study.
Following behind Mr Trump were daughter Ivanka, her husband, Jared Kushner, a top White House aide, national security adviser H.R. McMaster and adviser Hope Hicks.
The pope did not smile as he greeted Mr Trump outside the study. Mr Trump, seeming subdued, said “it is a great honour.”
The two men then posed for photographs and the pope kept a stern face while Mr Trump beamed for the cameras. The meeting began at precisely 8:33am.
Mr Trump’s meeting with Pope Francis, his third stop on a nine-day foreign tour due to end on Saturday, is part of his world tour of religions after meeting leaders of Muslim nations in Saudi Arabia and visiting holy sites in Jerusalem.
But while his talks in Saudi Arabia and Israel were mostly friendly, the meeting between the head of the Roman Catholic Church and the thrice-married, blunt-spoken Mr Trump could be a little more confrontational.
The pope said last year a man who thinks about building walls and not bridges is “not Christian,” a sharp reprimand for Mr Trump’s vow to build a wall along the U.S. border with Mexico.
“If and when the Vatican is attacked by ISIS, which as everyone knows is ISIS’ ultimate trophy, I can promise you that the pope would have only wished and prayed that Donald Trump would have been president,” Mr Trump said during the campaign.
Mr Trump’s softer stance on environmental regulations also is at odds with Pope Francis’ view that climate change is caused mostly by human activity.
The Vatican also took a dim view of Mr Trump’s anti-Muslim campaign rhetoric, although Mr Trump softened his tone considerably in a major speech in Riyadh.
Pope Francis said last week he would be “sincere” with Mr Trump but did not want to judge him before listening to him in person.
Part of Mr Trump’s motivation for meeting the pope was to dramatise how the three major religions should rally against the threat from Islamist militants.
“We thought that this trip was essential to put together the Muslim faith, the Jewish faith and then the Catholic faith, the Christian faith,” said a senior White House official who briefed reporters on Mr Trump’s Air Force One flight to Rome.
“By putting everybody together you can really build a coalition and show that it’s not a Muslim problem, it’s not a Jewish problem, it’s not a Catholic problem, it’s not a Christian problem, it really is a world problem,” the official said.
Mr Trump at first did not plan to stop in Rome during his visit to Europe, which some in the Vatican saw as a snub. When he changed his mind, the Vatican squeezed him in at 8:30am on a Wednesday morning, an unusual day and an unusually early time.
Pope Francis holds his weekly audience with the general public on Wednesday at 10am in St Peter’s Square.
After the meeting, Mr Trump moves on to Brussels for a NATO summit, followed by the last stop on his trip, to a Group of Seven summit in Sicily.