Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron, born 21 December 1977 is a French politician serving as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.
He studied philosophy at Paris Nanterre University, completed a Master’s of Public Affairs at Sciences Po, and graduated from the École nationale d’administration (ENA) in 2004. He worked as a senior civil servant at the Inspectorate General of Finances, and later became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque
Macron was appointed Deputy Secretary General to the President by François Hollande in May 2012, having been a member of the Socialist Party from 2006 to 2009. He was appointed Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs in August 2014 under the Second Valls government, where he pushed through business-friendly reforms. He resigned in August 2016 to launch a bid in the 2017 presidential election. In November 2016, Macron declared that he would run in the election under the banner of a centrist political movement he founded in April that year, En Marche! He won the election on 7 May 2017.
At the age of 39, Macron became the youngest President in the history of France and appointed Le Havre Mayor Édouard Philippe to be Prime Minister. In the June 2017 legislative elections, Macron’s party, renamed “La République En Marche!”, together with its ally the Democratic Movement (MoDem), secured a comfortable majority in the National Assembly, winning 350 seats out of 577, with his party alone winning an outright majority of 308 seats.
Macron was educated mostly at the Jesuit Lycée la Providence in Amiens before his parents sent him to finish his last year of school at the elite Lycée Henri-IV in Paris, where he completed the high school curriculum and the undergraduate program with a “Bac S, Mention Très bien”. At the same time he was nominated for the “Concours Général” (most selective national level high school competition) in French literature and received his diploma for his piano studies at Amiens Conservatory.His parents sent him off to Paris due to their alarm at the bond he had formed with Brigitte Auzière, a married teacher with three children at Jésuites de la Providence, who later became his wife.
In August 2007, Macron served as deputy rapporteur for the Commission to Improve French Economic Growth headed by Jacques Attali. Macron paid €50,000 to buy himself out of his government contract in 2008, and left to work as an investment banker in a highly-paid position at Rothschild & Cie Banque.In March 2010, he was appointed to the commission, by decree.
Macron first showed intention to run with the formation of En Marche! but following his resignation from the government, he was able to spend more time dedicating himself to his movement. He first announced that he was considering running for President in April 2016 and after his resignation from the position of Economy Minister, media sources began to find patterns in Macron’s fundraising and typical presidential campaign fundraising tactics.
On 16 November 2016, Macron formally declared his candidacy for the French presidency after months of speculation. In his announcement speech, Macron called for a “democratic revolution” and promised to “unblock France”.
Macron qualified for the run-off against National Front candidate Marine Le Pen on 23 April 2017, after coming first place in the vote count. Following the announcement of his qualification, François Fillon and Benoît Hamon expressed support for Macron.President François Hollande also endorsed Macron.Many foreign politicians voiced support for Macron in his bid against right-wing populist candidate Marine Le Pen, including European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and former US President Barack Obama.
Macron formally became President on 14 May. He appointed Patrick Strzoda as his chief of staff and Ismaël Emelien as his special advisor for strategy, communication and speeches. On 15 May, he appointed Édouard Philippe of the Republicans as Prime Minister. On the same day, he made his first official foreign visit, meeting in Berlin with Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany. The two leaders emphasised the importance of France–Germany relations to the European Union. They agreed to draw up a “common road map” for Europe, insisting that neither was against changes to the Treaties of the European Union.
In the 2017 legislative election, Macron’s party La République En Marche! and its Democratic Movement allies secured a comfortable majority, winning 350 seats out of 577.
After The Republicans emerged as the winners of the Senate elections, government spokesman Christophe Castaner stated the elections were a “failure” for his party.